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Page 9 of 19
121. Project on promoting production and trading opportunities for organic agriculture in East Africa
  Tuesday, October 10, 2006  by Admin
  This background paper forms a basis for the implementation of the programme on Promoting Production and Training Opportunities for OA in East Africa under UNEP-UNCTAD Capacity Building Taskforce on Trade Environment and Development (CBTF). The information in this paper comprises of a review of past studies and assessments on OA undertaken in the country, national institutions, international organizations and the donors involved.
122. Report of the workshop on interventions to mitigate the impact of HIV/AIDS on smallholder agriculture, food security and rural livelihoods in Southern Africa
  Thursday, September 21, 2006  by Admin
  HIV/AIDS has added significantly to the problems of agriculture and food security in Africa through its effect on subsistence agriculture, where production is highly labor intensive. This report shares the knowledge and experiences on policy responses and effective practices in mitigating the impact of HIV/AIDS on rural livelihoods and rural food security and identify actions, strategies and recommendations to strengthen HIV/AIDS mitigation.
123. Rural Urban Market Linkages - An infrastructure identification and survey guide
  Thursday, September 21, 2006  by Admin
  Food supply and distribution systems in most developing countries are undergoing major changes following rapid urban population growth. This guide offers a simple planning methodology and framework to assist policy makers, non-government organisations and farmer groups to respond to these changes and ensure that rural producers have better access to markets for their products. It focuses on produce flows and the identification of how marketing channels work.
124. Fostering growth of the rural non-farm sector in Africa: The case of Tanzania
  Friday, August 25, 2006  by Admin
  A survey of small rural enterprises from Tanzania is used to demonstrate quantitatively the economic importance of this sector and to identify participants characteristics and obstacles to the sector expansion and productivity. In contrast to most of the findings for the formal sector where taxation and other regulatory constraints were identified as key in most of the countries, infrastructure constraints pose a formidable barrier to rural households participation in rural non-farm and to investment and increased productivity by existing ones.
125. Are poor, remote areas left behind in agricultural development: the case of Tanzania
  Tuesday, August 22, 2006  by Admin
  In Tanzania, as in other developing countries, the conventional wisdom is that economic reforms may have stimulated economic growth, but for the benefits of this growth have been uneven, favouring urban households and farmers with good market access. In this paper, a new approach is developed to measuring trends in poverty and inequality and applied to Tanzania in order to explore the distributional aspects of economic growth and the relationship between rural poverty and market access.
126. The Role of Agriculture in Reducing Poverty in Tanzania: A household Perspective from Rural Kilimanjaro and Ruvuma
  Tuesday, August 22, 2006  by Admin
  This paper explores how farm productivity affects poverty, and how various factor market constraints affect farm productivity. The empirical analysis draws on representative surveys of farm households in Kilimanjaro and Ruvuma, two cash crop growing regions in Tanzania.
The findings support a continuing emphasis on increasing agricultural productivity in designing poverty reduction policies.
127. The Bentley Cropping Systems Fellowship
  Monday, August 21, 2006  by Admin
  This Fellowship provides assistance to Canadian and developing country graduate students with a university degree in Agriculture, Forestry or Biology, who wish to undertake post-graduate, applied on-farm research with cooperating farmers in a developing country. Deadline is October 1st 2006.
128. Organic Standards for Agriculture Production
  Tuesday, August 15, 2006  by Admin
  Organic culture is a system approach based upon a set of processes resulting in a sustainable ecosystem, safe food, good nutrition, animal welfare and social justice. The TanCert Organic Standard is used for certification of organic production in Tanzania.
129. High Value Agricultural Products for Smallhoder Markets in Sub-Saharan Africa
  Wednesday, August 09, 2006  by Admin
  High value crops refer to non-traditional food crops such as vegetables, fruits, flowers, houseplants and foliage, condiments and spices. High value livestock and fishery products include products such as milk, beef, poultry, pork, eggs, and fish that are non-traditional sources of protein for most part of Sub Saharan Africa (SSA). This paper is structured to present the situation and outlook of the ‘high value agricultural products’ sector in SSA. Special reference, where relevant, is made to the Eastern and Southern Africa (ESA) sub-region.
130. Sustainable Agriculture Research for International Development
  Tuesday, August 01, 2006  by Admin
  The Department for International Development (DFID) and the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) have formed a strategic partnership to support a new joint funding scheme which aims to enhance the quality and impact of research addressing the goals of sustainable agriculture, improved natural resource management and food security in both the developed and less developed world. Closing dates: Outline Proposals - 3rd October 2006, Invited full proposals- 9th January 2007.
131. Organic Cotton: A new development path for African smallholders?
  Friday, July 21, 2006  by Admin
  Cotton is an important cash crop for many African countries. However, African cotton is affected by subsidies paid by the USA, European Union and China that undermine world market prices through overproduction (Linard, 2002; Goreux, 2003, Watkins, 2002); by rising production costs and the impacts of agrochemicals on human and environmental health. Because of these pressures, many African smallholders are being driven to the margins of economic viability or out of cotton altogether, and there are few alternative cash crops. This paper argues, by drawing on case studies of five countries in sub-Saharan Africa, that organic cotton offers an opportunity to reduce the human health and economic impacts of pesticides in Africa, reduce damage to the environment and improve food security and incomes for many smallholder cotton farmers.
132. Implication of the 2006/2007 Budget on the Development of the Agriculture Sector in Tanzania
  Thursday, July 20, 2006  by Admin
  The National budget is the most important economic policy instrument for Government, reflecting the Government's social and economic policy priorities. No policy or plan can be implemented without funding, and thus the budget is the key to implementation of any government policy. A functioning budget system is vital for formulation of sustainable fiscal policies and facilitates economic growth. This paper discusses implications of the 2006/2007 government budget on the agricultural sector. The discussion is put under two categories; positive and shortcomings of the budget.
133. Capacity Building in Information and Communication Management (ICM) Towards Food Security
  Monday, July 10, 2006  by Admin
  Agriculture is central to economic growth, food security and poverty alleviation in Sub Sahara Africa even though food security and nutrition remains a big challenge in where different forms of food insecurity and malnutrition threaten people. The first Millenium Development Goal is to eradicate extreme poverty and hunger. SSA faces many challenges and hurdles in its effort to attain the milestones. Such a challenge includes misguided agricultural and rural development policies, weak institutions, inadequate well-trained personnel, and underdeveloped technologies. This paper addresses capacity strengthening needs in the area of Information and Communication Management (ICM) to support food security initiatives and presents a summary of capacity strengthening needs.
134. Assessing Rural Services, Infrastructure and their Impact on Agricultural Production, Marketing and Food Security in Tanzania
  Monday, July 10, 2006  by Admin
  Tanzania’s rural services and infrastructure are extremely poor and underdeveloped. At the regional level, the country compares unfavorably with both SADC and East Africa sub-region. This discussion paper addresses some objectives to the research conducted to identify policy and institutional reforms required to ensure effective provision of rural services for agricultural production. Some of these include: to asses the state of existing infrastructure and rural services in Tanzania and across it regions; and to identify relationships between rural services and infrastructure and smallholder farmers agricultural production.
135. The Sub- Saharan Challenge Programme and Global Post-harvest Initiative – Linking Farmers to Markets
  Monday, July 10, 2006  by Admin
  This paper is an account to a forum on exploring synergies and avenues of collaboration between the sub-Saharan Challenge Programme and the Global Post-harvest initiative on Linking Farmers to Markets. The sub – Saharan Challenge Programme “Building Sustainable Livelihoods through Integrated Research for Development” is a multi stakeholder initiative that aims to build agricultural Research and Development capacity in Africa to meet the urgent food security and income generating needs of the poor.

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