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Home |Tanzania Indigenous Knowledge Database
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  Wildlife and Livestock Relationship: The Maasai Experience
The Maasai have always tolerated wildlife on their pastures. The close relationship between the Maasai and the wild beast has made the wild beast survive while the Maasai have learnt to control livestock diseases by studying the response of game on rinderpest, East Coast Fever (ECF) etc. The paper highlights some examples of Maasai livestock management which is rooted in Maasai indigenous knowledge and skills.
  Utilization of Indigenous Knowledge: Toward sustainable farming in agro and pastoral societies
Sustainable agriculture has emerged as a key issue in agricultural development and natural resources management because of widespread and growing concern about the seriousness of land degradation. Utilization of IK by small scale farmers over an increasing rate of land degradation is discussed.
  The role of indigenous knowledge in improving and sustaining agricultural developments in Tanzania
The paper deals with the role of indigenous agricultural knowledge systems in improving and sustaining agricultural development in Tanzania. It shows how the inclusion of indigenous agricultural knowledge into the research and extension activities can facilitate agricultural technology utilization by the smallholder farmers in an endevour to promote agricultural productivity.
  Prospects and Limitations of Ethnoforestry in sustainable rural development in Tanzania
Forest resources of Tanzania include Afro-alpine heath and moorland, forests, woodlands, savannas and grasslands, bushlands and thickets, swampy vegetation, plantation forestry and scattered trees and shrubs. They have both productive and protective/environmental functions contributing to the national economy. Since 1960s, village afforestation programme or farm and community forestry has been the strategy to address these development concernst in a form of top-down extension approach. To date, the impact of the programme still remains marginal in several places. Studies reveal a number of fundamental flaws in the design and implementation of the programme.
  Linking Institutional Research and Extension to Indigenous Knowledge Systems
This paper seeks to describe ways in which the power, resources and expertise of agricultural research and extension institutions can be made to complement the wisdom, resourcefulness and determination of small-scale farmers to improve their socio-economic conditions. These suggestions are based on the experiences of the Uluguru Mountains Agricultural Development Project (UMADEP) based in the Faculty of Agriculture at SUA and implemented in collaboration with the government extension system and the farmers in Mgeta and Mkuyuni divisions.
  Indigenous livestock health care in some parts of Tanzania
Indigenous livestock care is a system where traditional products are used to take care of livestock health. It is a system which uses natural products, thus protecting the environment. Indigenous livestock health care products are extracted from plants (leaves, bark, roots and wood) and mineral soils.

This paper highlights the role and position of indigenous livestock health care, and advocates its promotion, in view of the unavailability and hiking prices of the ready-made foreign livestock health care products.

  Indigenous Knowledge: A Necessary Asset in the Conservation of Biological Resource in Tanzania
The paper discusses the role of indigenous knowledge (IK) in biological resource management. A comparison between traditional and modem biological resource management is also made. Examples of utilizing IK in research especially in inventory and medicine are discussed. Comparison of resource managed under indigenous regimes and those under modern practices is made to reveal the necessity of IK.
  Indigenous technical knowledge as reflected in the management of natural resources in Tanzania
Natural resource management can be defined as taking a firm decision about the future of any area of resources, applying it and monitoring the evaluation. These resources should be managed to meet social, economic, ecological, cultural and spiritual needs of present and future generations. Within natural resource management systems, Indigenous Technical Knowledge embraces knowledge of tools and techniques for the assessment, acquisition, transformation and utilization of resources, which are area specific.
  Indigenous Knowledge and Traditional Fisheries
Traditional knowledge and technology based upon generations and lifetime experiences reflected and manifested in a variety of norms, institutions and networks have reduced the uncertainty and helped fishermen accommodate risks in fishing. The survival of the fishing industry in Tanzania has depended more on traditional skills, knowledge, techniques of combining occupations and applications of efficacious rituals rather than modern knowledge and technology whose impact has/is negligible. Traditional knowledge and associated technologies have made the fishing occupation sustainable over generations.
  Breakdown of Pastoralism in Tanzania
Demarcation of communal rangelands into villages has the potential for disruption of traditional management systems and social controls that pastoralists had devised so as to use their natural resources sustainably. Expansion of cultivation over the key dry-season pastures pushes the herders further to the marginal areas. Degradation of these marginal areas becomes even faster as their carrying capacity is very low especially during the dry season. The paper discusses the factors leading to gradual breakdown of pastoralism in Tanzania and its consequences on sustainable utilization of pasture lands and livestock production
  Indigenous Communication Systems: Lessons and Experiences
This paper discusses the origin, content and development of traditional communication methods, and the advantages , weaknesses and potential of indigenous communication systems.

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